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Barbara Kołodziejczak, Magdalena Roszak, Anna Ren-Kurc, Wojciech Kowalewski, Andrzej Bręborowicz (Poland)
Abstract: In education, assessment is a continuous process which may perform numerous functions, such as diagnosing, supporting, motivating, controlling or summarising. As a continuous process, assessment takes time, and therefore, where possible, it is replaced by e-assessment. In medical sciences, theoretical knowledge is often assessed using electronic tests based on multiple choice questions. However, the method of preparation to this type of exams and the mere filling of the test form may be problematic for students. Given the above, the authors have decided to monitor the students' approach to the online tests in order to eliminate or correct any arising problems. This document presents the results of surveys taken in the academic years 2014/15 and 2015/16.
In addition, the article shows the role of formative and summative evaluation in e-assessment as well as the need to apply standards for the development of assessment tools and systems. Even with many advantages, the e-assessment is still rarely used, mainly due to a large load of work and measures at the first implementation stage, as well as the lack of preparation of the academic staff. Therefore, in the authors' opinion, the popularisation of good practices may contribute to improvements in this field.
Keywords: assessment, e-assessment, summative assessment, formative assessment, medical education, MCQ exams, e-examination, e-assessment standards, distance education

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