Strona archiwalna


Nowy serwis dostępny jest pod adresem: https://us.edu.pl/wydzial/wsne

E-ASSESSMENT IN MEDICAL EDUCATION

E-ASSESSMENT IN MEDICAL EDUCATION
Barbara Kołodziejczak, Magdalena Roszak, Anna Ren-Kurc, Wojciech Kowalewski, Andrzej Bręborowicz (Poland)
 
Abstract: In education, assessment is a continuous process which may perform numerous functions, such as diagnosing, supporting, motivating, controlling or summarising. As a continuous process, assessment takes time, and therefore, where possible, it is replaced by e-assessment. In medical sciences, theoretical knowledge is often assessed using electronic tests based on multiple choice questions. However, the method of preparation to this type of exams and the mere filling of the test form may be problematic for students. Given the above, the authors have decided to monitor the students' approach to the online tests in order to eliminate or correct any arising problems. This document presents the results of surveys taken in the academic years 2014/15 and 2015/16.
In addition, the article shows the role of formative and summative evaluation in e-assessment as well as the need to apply standards for the development of assessment tools and systems. Even with many advantages, the e-assessment is still rarely used, mainly due to a large load of work and measures at the first implementation stage, as well as the lack of preparation of the academic staff. Therefore, in the authors' opinion, the popularisation of good practices may contribute to improvements in this field.
Keywords: assessment, e-assessment, summative assessment, formative assessment, medical education, MCQ exams, e-examination, e-assessment standards, distance education
E-ASSESSMENT IN MEDICAL EDUCATION
 
REFERENCES

  • Advanced Disitributed Learning Initiative, [online] at https://www.adlnet.gov/adl-research/scorm/, (accessed 22 July 2016)
  • Black P., Wiliam D., 2009: Developing the theory of formative assessment. Educ. Assess. Eval. Account, No. 21(1), 2009, pp. 5-31. ISSN: 1874-8600
  • Bohl, O., Scheuhase, J., Sengler, R., Winand. U., 2002: The sharable content object reference model (SCORM) – a critical review. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computers in Educations (ICCE’02), December 2002, Auckland, New Zealand, IEEE 2002, pp. 950-951. ISBN: 0-7695-1509-6
  • Boud, D., 2000: Sustainable assessment: rethinking assessment for the learning society. Studies in Continuing Education, No. 22(2), 2000, pp. 151-167. DOI 10.1080/713695728
  • Caballé, S., Clarisó, R., 2016: Formative Assessment, Learning Data Analytics and Gamification, In ICT Education, Academic Press, 2016. ISBN: 978-0-1280-3637-2
  • Cook, J., Jenkins, V., 2010: Getting Started with e-Assessment. Project Report. University of Bath, [online] at
  • Crisp G., 2011, Teacher’s Handbook on e-Assessment. Transforming Assessment − An ALTC Fellowship Activity, [online] at https://www.dkit.ie/system/ files/Teachers%20Handbook%20on%20e-Assessment%20G%20Crisp% 20Transforming%20Assessment.pdf, (accessed 27 July 2016)
  • Crisp, G., 2007: The e-Assessment Handbook. Continuum International Publishing Group, London 2007. ISBN: 9780826496287
  • de Bruyn, E., Mostert, E., Schoor, A., 2011: Computer-based testing – the ideal tool to assess on the different levels of Bloom’s taxonomy. International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning (ICL2011), September 2011, Pieštany, Slovakia, IEEE 2011, pp. 444-449. ISBN: 978-1-4577-1748-2
  • Gage, N.L., Berliner, D.C., 1998: Educational psychology 6th ed. Houghton Mifflin. Boston 1998. ISBN: 978-0395797945
  • Gruttmann, S., Böhm, D., Kuchen, H., 2008: E-assessment of mathematical proofs: changes and challenges for students and tutors. International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering, December 2008, Wuhan, China, IEEE 2008, pp.612-615. ISBN: 978-0-7695-3336-0
  • Heaton, J.B., 1990: Classroom testing. Longman, New York 1990. ISBN 9780582746251
  • Heriot-Watt University. SCHOLAR, [online] at http://courses.scholar.hw. ac.uk/vle/scholar/session.controller?action=home, (accessed 27 July 2016)
  • Hot Potatoes, [online] at http://hotpot.uvic.ca/, (accessed 27 July 2016)
  • How to succeed at MCQs, [online] at http://www.mondofacto.com/study-skills/exams/how-to-succeed-at-mcqs/02.html, (accessed 27 July 2016)
  • http://opus.bath.ac.uk/17712/1/Getting_started_with_e%2Dassessment_14Jan..., (accessed 20 July 2016)
  • IMS Question & Test Interoperability Specification, [online] at https://www.imsglobal.org/question/index.html, (accessed 27 July 2016)
  • Kołodziejczak, B., Roszak, M., Ren-Kurc, A., Bręborowicz, A., Kowalewski, W., 2015: Creating digital question databases: Use of self-tests in teaching medical subjects, Logical, Statistical and Computer Methods in Medicine, Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric, No. 43(56), 2015, pp. 211-227. ISSN: 0860-150X, ISBN: 978-83-7431-464-0
  • Marriott, P., 2009: Student’s evaluation of the use online summative assessment on an undergraduate financial accounting module. British Journal of Educational Technology, No. 40(2), 2009, pp. 237-254. DOI 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2008.00924.x
  • Moodle. Open-Source Community-based Tools for Learning, [online] at https://moodle.org/, (accessed 27 July 2016)
  • Pachler, N., Daly, C., Mor, Y., Mellar, H., 2010: Formative e-assessment: practitioner cases. Computers & Education, No. 54(3), 2010, pp. 715-721. DOI 10.1016/j.compedu.2009.09.032
  • Ren-Kurc, A., Roszak, M., 2011: Evaluation of the teaching process. The organization of test exams and survey, In: Information Technology in The Teacher's Workshop, The new educational challenges, Sc. ed.: Migdałek, J. and Stolińska, A., Academic Publishing House of the Pedagogical University of Cracow, Cracow 2011, pp. 255-257. ISBN: 978-83-7271-649-1 [In Polish]
  • Ridgway, J., McCusker, S., Pead, D., 2004: Literature Review of e-Assessment. NESTA Futurelab Series, Report 10, [online] at http://dro.dur.ac.uk/1929/1/Ridgway_Literature.pdf, (accessed 20 July 2016)
  • Roszak, M., Kołodziejczak, B., Kowalewski, W., Ren-Kurc, A., 2013: Standard Question and Test Interoperability (QTI) the evaluation of student's knowledge, e-mentor, No. 2 (49), 2013, pp. 35-40. ISSN: 1731-7428 [In Polish]