Strona archiwalna

Nowy serwis dostępny jest pod adresem:


Eugenia Smyrnova-Trybulska, (Poland), Nataliia Morze (Ukraine), Wojciech Zuziak (Poland), Mariia Gladun (Ukraine)
Abstract: This article focuses on robots in elementary school. The authors present an analysis of a number of educational, legal and technical aspects. The article also includes an overview of literature on robotics in elementary school. In the second part a description is provided of more adequate equipment: LEGO Robotics and the LEGO MINDSTORMS RCX Intelligent Brick and Robotics Invention System, WeDo 2.0, Dash & Dot Pack: 2 companionable robots for teaching robotics to children. Next, the authors discuss selected legal regulations relating to school curricula, for example, proposals put forward by the Council for the Informatization of Education at the Ministry of National Education. One of the sections contains good examples of use of robotics in Polish schools. The position of the course of robotics (including elements of design, construction and programming of robots) in modern teaching in Polish schools is also presented, using as an example the experience of teachers working in Bielsko-Biala (Silesia region). Besides, research results of a study, conducted in Poland and in Ukraine, are discussed. Finally, the authors present their conclusions.
Keywords: robotics in school, survey, 21st century competences, education.

  • Campbell, B. R.; Voelker, J. J.; Kremer, C. S. (2015) An Analysis of Engineering Educational Standards and Outcomes Achieved by a Robotics Summer Camp Experience INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING PEDAGOGY Vol.5 Issue: 4 Pages: 12-16. 2015
  • Cross, J.L., Hamner, E., Bartley, C., Nourbakhsh, I. (2015). Arts & Bots: Application and Outcomes of a Secondary School Robotics Program. Book Group Author(s):IEEE FRONTIERS IN EDUCATION CONFERENCE (FIE), 2015 Book Series: Frontiers in Education Conference Pages: 2159-2167 2015 45th Annual Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE) OCT 21-24, 2015 El Paso, TX
  • Demo, G.B., Marciano, G., Siega, S. (2008) Concrete programming: Using small robots in primary schools 8TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES, PROCEEDINGS Edited by:Diaz, P; Ignacio, A; Mora, E. Santander, SPAIN Pages: 301-302
  • Denis, B., Hubert, S. (2001) Collaborative learning in an educational robotics environment COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR Volume: 17 Issue: 5-6 Pages: 465-480 Conference: Workshop on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning BARCELONA, SPAIN JUL, 2000
  • Diaz, Javier; Queiruga, Claudia; Banchoff Tzancoff, Claudia; et al. (2015) Educational Robotics and Videogames in the Classroom Edited by: Rocha, A; Dias, GP; Martins, A; et al. Conference: 10th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI) Location: Univ Aveiro, Sch Technol & Agueda Management, Agueda, PORTUGAL Date: JUN 17-20, 2015 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2015 10TH IBERIAN CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (CISTI 2015) 2015
  • Generation robots, [on-line] at (accessed 10 July, 2016)
  • History – Mindstorms, [on-line] at (accessed 10 July, 2016)
  • Hung, I-Chun, Chao, Kuo-Jen, Lee, Ling, Chen, Nian-Shing (2013) TI Designing a Robot Teaching Assistant for Enhancing and Sustaining Learning Motivation Interactive Learning Environments, v21 n2 p156-171
  • Jang H. (2016). Identifying 21st Century STEM Competencies Using Workplace Data JOURNAL OF SCIENCE EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY Vol. 25, Issue: 2, PP. 284-301
  • Kalakos, Nikos, Papantoniou, Agis, Angelis, CT, Fotiadis, D., Tzallas, AT (2013) Pervasiveness in Real-World Educational Games: A Case of Lego Mindstorms and MIT App Inventor SO AMBIENT MEDIA AND SYSTEMS SE Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering VL 118. 23-30. 2013
  • Khanlari, A. (2016) Teachers’ perceptions of the benefits and the challenges of integrating educational robots into primary/elementary curricula. European Journal of Engineering Education Volume 41, 2016 - Issue 3
  • Kim, CM., Kim, D., Yuan, JM; Hill, RB, Doshi, P., Thai, CN. (2015) Robotics to promote elementary education pre-service teachers' STEM engagement, learning, and teaching COMPUTERS & EDUCATION Volume: 91 Pages: 14-31
  • Lean in STEM, Conference [on-line] at konferencja#program (accessed 30 June 2016)
  • LEGO MINDSTORMS Education EV3 Core Set,
  • LIN, June (2016). How Robotics is Transforming STEM in Elementary Schools. Getting Smart [online] at (accessed 30 July 2016)
  • Maciej M. Sysło Outreach to Prospective Informatics and Computer Engineering Students [on-line] at bebras/ievos/Bebras2011/Prezentacijos/ MaciejSyslo.ppt (accessed 30 June 2016)
  • Maciej M. Sysło SZKOŁY A NOWE TECHNOLOGIE I NOWE KSZTAŁCENIE [on-line] at (accessed 30 June 2015)
  • MAKEWONDER.COM, Meet Dash and Dot [on-line] at (accessed 30 July 2016)
  • Miguel Garcia, Jose (2015) Educational Robotics. Programming as part of an educational process. RED-REVISTA DE EDUCACION A DISTANCIA Issue: 46 2015
  • Papallo J. (2015) A TechCHAT On Dash & Dot Coding With CEO of Wonder Workshop Vikas Gupta [on-line] at a_news/techchat-dash-dot-coding-ceo-wonder-workshop-vikas-gupta-9206 79740 (accessed 30 July 2016)
  • Podstawa programowa kształcenia ogólnego dla szkół podstawowych. Załącznik nr 2 do Rozporządzenia Ministra Edukacji Narodowej z dnia 30 maja 2014 r. zmieniającego rozporządzenie w sprawie podstawy programowej wychowania przedszkolnego oraz kształcenia ogólnego w poszczególnych typach szkół (Dz.U. 2014 poz. 803), [on-line] at 2014/08/zalacznik_2.pdf, s. 12-15. (accessed 30 July 2016)
  • Rada ds. Informatyzacji Edukacji przy Ministrze Edukacji Narodowej, Wprowadzenie do propozycji zmian w obowiązującej podstawie programowej z przedmiotów informatycznych, 17 grudnia 2015, [on-line] at (Accessed 12 June 2016)
  • Rany! Rety! Robot w szkole! (2015) [on-line] at 1,101865,19275559,rany-rety-robot-w-szkole.html (accessed 12 June 2016)
  • Równość płci a innowacyjność w gospodarce. Diagnoza sytuacji kobiet w sferze edukacji w obszarze STEM oraz w sferze przedsiębiorczości / Gender Equality and Innovation in Economy By: Maj, Jolanta. In: Studia Ekonomiczne / Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Katowicach, 2013, nr 161, s. 184-192
  • Schmidt, M., Fulton, L. (2016). Transforming a Traditional Inquiry-Based Science Unit into a STEM Unit for Elementary Pre-service Teachers: A View from the Trenches JOURNAL OF SCIENCE EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY Vol. 25. Issue: 2 Pages: 302-315
  • Todd R. Kelley, J. Geoff Knowles (2016) A conceptual framework for integrated STEM education. International Journal of STEM Education 2016 3:11 [on-line] at 10.1186/s40594-016-0046-z (accessed 12 June 2016)
  • Uttal David H. and Cheryl A. Cohen (2012). Spatial Thinking and STEM Education: When, Why, and How? Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 57: .147-181. 2012
  • WeDo 2.0 Core Set, Software and Get Started Project, [on-line] at (accessed 12 June 2016)
  • Yamamoto, Satoshi; Tetsui, Toshiro; Naganuma, Mitsuru; et al. (2006) Trial of using robotic pet as human interface of multimedia education system for pre-school aged child in kindergarten IEEE Conference: SICE-ICASE International Joint Conference Location: Busan, SOUTH KOREA Date: OCT 18-21, 2006 SICE-ICASE International Joint Conference, Vols 1-13 Pages: 1555-1560 Published: 2006
  • Załącznik Kompetencje kluczowe w uczeniu się przez całe życie – Europejskie ramy odniesienia do Zalecenia Parlamentu Europejskiego i Rady z dnia 18 grudnia 2006 r. w sprawie kompetencji kluczowych w procesie uczenia się przez całe życie.
  • Zhi-Feng LIU, Eric; Chun-Hung LIN; Pey-Yan LIOU; Han-Chuan FENG; Huei-Tse Hou (2013) AN ANALYSIS OF TEACHER-STUDENT INTERACTION PATTERNS IN A ROBOTICS COURSE FOR KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN: A PILOT STUDY Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology;Jan2013, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p.9